The FBI does in fact collect data on SES (socio economic status). World Bank
In their work on U.S. cities, Fleisher (1966)
and Ehrlich (1973) examined the e!ect of unemployment rates, income levels,
and income disparities on the incidence of crime. Though their "ndings on the
e!ects of average income levels are contradictory, both authors "nd a signi"cant
crime-inducing impact of unemployment and income inequality. Using the
National Longitudinal Survey of Youth in the U.S., Freeman (1992) "nds that
1324 P. Fajnzylber et al. / European Economic Review 46 (2002) 1323}1357youth in poverty are more likely to be arrested and go to jail. Tauchen and Witte
(1994) "nd that in a sample of young men, going to work or school tends to
reduce the probability of being involved in criminal activities. On the other
hand, the e!ect of education on crime reduction is controversial in most studies.
For example, Ehrlich (1975b) "nds a positive relationship between the average
number of school years completed by the adult population and property crimes
committed across the U.S. in 1960 Criminal Justice Foundation
3 Index Tables down the paper confirm both what she said and I state.