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Blacks Hit Hard by Proposition 48, Survey Shows
By The Associated Press
Published: September 09, 1988
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The majority of college football recruits disqualified because of Proposition 48 this year are black, according to a survey by The Associated Press. The survey also found that the overall number of academically ineligible recruits has stabilized.
The survey was able to identify the race of 213 of the 274 recruits disqualified this year by Proposition 48, or 77.7 percent. A total of 185 of those recruits are black, 86.8 percent.
Critics have said that these numbers show that standardized tests such as those used under Proposition 48 are culturally biased.
''We know that standardized test scores are correlated with socioeconomic status,'' said Ursula Walsh, director for research for the National Collegiate Athletic Association.
Walsh said black recruits accounted for 81 percent of football ineligibles in 1986 and 90 percent in 1987, according to an N.C.A.A. survey. Aptitude Tests Defended
Those who put together the tests disagreed with those who said that they were culturally biased.
''It's being very simplistic to blame the difference in scores on the test and not look for the reasons behind it,'' said Frank Moreno, associate director of public affairs for The College Board, which sponsors the Scholastic Aptitude Test. ''It's not so much cultural difference as much as educational backgrounds of blacks, their having appreciably less academic courses in high school.''
Proposition 48 requires recruits to score a minimum 700 out of a possible 1,600 points on the Scholastic Aptitude Test, or 15 out of 36 on the American College Test, and have at least a 2.0 high school grade-point average in 11 mandatory courses to be eligible. Difference in Average Scores
In 1987, the average S.A.T. score nationally for all students was 906. The average score for blacks was 728.
The 274 recruits who failed to meet the N.C.A.A.'s academic requirements this year was a slight improvement over the 278 last year.
There were 401 ineligible recruits for the 1986 season, the first year the academic requirements went into effect.
Of 1987's ineligible recruits, 201, or 72.3 percent, attended their colleges and became eligible for this season. Of 1986's ineligibles, 69.3 percent returned last year.