Leveraged ETFs - holding periods
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Leveraged ETFs - holding periods
Posted by LSUcam on 1/31 at 6:36 pm
I am looking at these x2 & x3 market movement ETFs if nothing else than for some product familiarity. I've done light research regarding holding these ETFs for mid-to-long term holding periods, but from what I can find this is a big no-no because of the way the ETFs perform by nature.

Now I've heard colleagues reasonings; that there is a large decay factor, daily adjustments to NAV... But does anyone know the real reason you don't hold a leveraged ETF for long time horizons?

I've got to be missing something. My theory is that I would buy the 20-yr Treasury Bear x3 and hold for 5 or so years, as rate should and will gradually creep upwards, thereby reducing existing bond values.

Now I try to look at this logically by looking at the opposite ETF, 20-yr Treasury Bull x3 and saying if I had bought the "Bull" in 2010, and had a cost basis of 30, then I could have sold it today for roughly a 100% gain disregarding commissions.

Why couldn't I do this with the "Bear" fund over the next 5-10 years? I feel like I'm missing something. I have attached screenshots of both charts below.

BULL



BEAR


Thanks in advance!



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Posted by LSUcam on 2/1 at 10:23 am to LSUcam
Self bump. Any CFAs in the house?


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Posted by jso0003 on 2/1 at 11:10 am to LSUcam
Ill bump as well as I'd love to hear a detailed analysis


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Posted by CHSBears on 2/1 at 11:22 am to LSUcam
Here is a link with some individuals take on leveraged ETF's.

LINK



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Posted by sneakytiger on 2/1 at 12:03 pm to LSUcam
I think you already posted the main concept - volatility will eat into your return over the long run.

LINK

quote:

Lets say that an index goes up 10% one day and down 10% the next. Over the two day period, the index is would have lost 1%. Although the average return is zero, the compound return is less than that due to volatility. A 3x leveraged product would have lost 9%.



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Posted by LSUcam on 2/1 at 1:17 pm to CHSBears
quote:

CHSBears


I have read this before, on the decay. But numbers don't lie and if you look at the Treasury Bull chart, if you held the ETF for two years from 2010, you would have a very nice gain.

I don't understand how you wouldn't have.



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Posted by BennyAndTheInkJets on 2/3 at 12:10 pm to LSUcam
quote:

Now I've heard colleagues reasonings; that there is a large decay factor, daily adjustments to NAV... But does anyone know the real reason you don't hold a leveraged ETF for long time horizons?

I mean that's the reason.

ETFs are much more complicated vehicles than people realize. You have to post collateral back and forth on some positions and there is usually one specialist trying to keep exposures constant for pretty heavy inflows and outflows, and this is just extrapolated when the ETF is leveraged. That's just flat out fricking hard to do. Think of it this way, the more you have to buy and sell securities for an ETF the more decay you'll possibly have. The pinnacle example for this is to just look at the VIX and look at the VXX compared to it. That is the definition of decay in the marketplace because you have to constantly roll options and you're being compared to a model index that doesn't have to actually buy and sell options.

A perfect example of how ETFs can be not what they seem, a certain treasury ETF in August of 2011 was 30% collateralized by Italian bonds.
quote:

Why couldn't I do this with the "Bear" fund over the next 5-10 years? I feel like I'm missing something. I have attached screenshots of both charts below

You could, but the returns you'll get will not equal the opposite of treasury returns during that time span just as BULL's returns were less than the returns of an actual long bond during that time. I would never own an ETF for over a couple weeks. The decay is just too much.


This post was edited on 2/3 at 12:14 pm

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Posted by Cmlsu5618 on 6/13 at 1:46 pm to BennyAndTheInkJets
Located a great resource for my own question, if anyone was interested in understanding the decay. I will dig deeper into the resource tonight after work (I'm such a loser ).

Leveraged Decay:
LINK



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Posted by BennyAndTheInkJets on 6/13 at 2:52 pm to Cmlsu5618
Although the mathematical relationships the blog said are true, they don't address the underlying fundamental reasons why decay will always happen with ETFs and especially leveraged ETFs. I posted the below in another thread which echoes what I said above.
quote:

In July 2011, there was a leveraged US Treasury ETF collateralized with 30% Italian BTPs. Are you kidding me? Sure, you see your holdings for an ETF but if you're in a leveraged ETF and you have to post collateral, or the value of your collateral gets haircut you're going to have to start scrambling, selling securities into a likely sell-off to meet margin. Then you turn around and try to match your exposures with the index you're trying to track? It's almost impossible to do. Even the best specialists that use uncorrelated collateral against their ETF assets are still going to have trouble tracking. That's not even taking into account re-weighting after new inflows/outflows, you can see how this can go downhill fast.

In addition to the above, volatility ETFs have to constantly roll options to keep exposures, incurring transaction costs. That is something that the VIX does not do because it is a model portfolio. Hence continued erosion of returns.


This post was edited on 6/13 at 2:54 pm

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